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CBE Doctoral Dissertation: “A Multiscale Computational Framework for Simulating Thrombus Growth Under Flow” (Kaushik Shankar)

November 29, 2023 at 12:30 PM - 2:30 PM

Modeling thrombus growth in pathological flows allows evaluation of risk under patient-specific pharmacological, hematological, and hemodynamical conditions. To this end, we have developed a 3D multiscale framework for the prediction of thrombus growth under flow on a spatially resolved surface presenting collagen and tissue factor (TF). The multiscale framework is composed of four coupled modules: a Neural Network (NN) that accounts for platelet calcium signaling, a Lattice Kinetic Monte Carlo (LKMC) simulation for tracking platelet positions, a Finite Volume Method (FVM) simulator for solving convection-diffusion-reaction equations describing soluble agonist release and transport, and a Lattice Boltzmann (LB) flow solver for computing the blood flow field over the growing thrombus. A reduced model of the coagulation cascade was embedded into the framework to account for TF-driven thrombin production. The 3D model was first tested against in vitro microfluidics experiments of whole blood perfusion with various antiplatelet agents targeting COX-1, P2Y1, or the IP receptor. The model was able to accurately capture the evolution and morphology of the growing thrombus. Certain problems of 2D models for thrombus growth (artifactual dendritic growth) were naturally avoided with realistic trajectories of platelets in 3D flow. The generalizability of the 3D multiscale solver enabled simulations of important clinical situations, such as cylindrical blood vessels and acute flow narrowing (stenosis). Enhanced platelet-platelet bonding at pathologically high shear rates (e.g., von Willebrand factor unfolding) was required for accurately describing thrombus growth in stenotic flows.
To enable larger computations in a reasonable amount of time, each module within the multiscale framework was individually parallelized. Parallelization was achieved by developing in-house parallel routines for NN and LKMC, while the open-source libraries OpenFOAM and Palabos were used for FVM and LB, respectively. Importantly, the parallel LKMC solver utilizes particle-based parallel decomposition allowing efficient use of cores over highly heterogeneous regions of the domain. The parallelized model was validated against a reference serial version for accuracy, demonstrating comparable results for both microfluidic and stenotic arterial clotting conditions. Moreover, the parallelized framework was shown to scale essentially linearly on up to 64 cores for a benchmark simulation of thrombus growth in a stenotic vessel of size ~1 mm. Overall, the parallelized multiscale framework allows consideration of patient-specific platelet signaling and vascular geometry for the prediction of thrombotic episodes.
Date: Wednesday, November 29, 2023
Time: 12:30 PM
Location: PICS Room 534, 3401 Walnut Street 

Kaushik Shankar

CBE PhD Candidate

Advisors: Scott Diamond & Dr. Talid Sinno

Committee: Scott Diamond, Talid Sinno, & Paris Perdikaris,

Chair:  Ravi Radhakrishnan


November 29, 2023
12:30 PM - 2:30 PM
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Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
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Room 534 A Wing, 3401 Walnut
3401 Walnut Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104 United States
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