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MEAM Seminar: “Bio-inspired Architected Materials/Structures with Enhanced Failure Characteristics”

July 23 at 10:15 AM - 11:15 AM

Structural failure is a critically important design consideration in many engineering applications. Nature provides a number of interesting examples of lightweight structural features that exhibit outstanding failure characteristics. Recent progress in additive manufacturing has facilitated precise control over geometric features, allowing for the implementation of bio-inspired structural designs on a layer-by-layer basis. In this talk, we will introduce the role of geometry in the failure characteristics of bio-inspired architected materials/structures. We will first present the use of bamboo-inspired void patterns to geometrically improve the failure properties of structures made from brittle polymers under flexural bending. Then, we will extend this study into a material system with tunable plasticity to study the effect of plasticity on the fracture behavior of different architected voids. Lastly, we will showcase the concept of employing simulated “swarms” of bio-inspired agents, such as those mimicking the behavior of bees and ants, to create novel designs of architected materials/structures that exhibit enhanced fracture properties, including improved energy dissipation to failure and damage tolerance, specifically under uniaxial tension.

Xiaoheng Zhu

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Mechanical Engineering & Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania

Xiaoheng Zhu is advised by Jordan Raney.


July 23
10:15 AM - 11:15 AM
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Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics
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Heilmeier Hall (Room 100), Towne Building
220 South 33rd Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104 United States
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