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ESE Spring Seminar – “Emergent Active Photonic Platforms for Next-Generation Mid-Infrared and Ultrafast Photonics”
April 5, 2022 at 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM
As two basic properties of light, wavelength and timescale are central to numerous photonic applications. Compared to visible and near-infrared, the longer wavelength mid-infrared spectral regime contains unique thermal visual information and chemical fingerprints of the environment. On a different front, femtosecond light sources and systems can enable ultrafast information processing, sensing, and computing. Yet, current chip-scale photonic devices and systems are facing tremendous challenges in detecting, generating, and processing light of long wavelength and ultrashort timescale. Overcoming these challenges requires new materials and clever device architectures, and these technologies stand poised to revolutionize fields such as biomedical sensing, free-space communication, and photonic computing in both classical and quantum domains.
In this talk, I will show that by engineering the carrier and nonlinear dynamics in emergent active photonic materials, we can detect photons beyond the regimes accessible to conventional laser sources and detectors, and process information in an ultrafast manner. In the first half of my talk, I will first briefly introduce the discovery of black phosphorus (BP) mid-infrared photonics, highlighting the world’s first BP mid-infrared detectors with high internal gain, as well as BP’s electrically tunable spectral response due to its unique bandgap tunability. Then, I will discuss a new strategy for detecting longer wavelength mid-infrared radiations at 12 µm. This is achieved by harnessing the intrinsic mid-infrared plasmons in large-scale graphene.
The second half of my talk will cover my recent work on integrated lithium niobate (LN) ultrafast photonics in both classical and quantum domains. I will discuss the realization of ultra-strong nonlinear optical interactions and dynamics in dispersion-engineered and quasi-phase-matched integrated LN devices, which have enabled 100 dB/cm optical parametric amplification, ultra-wide bandwidth quantum squeezing, as well as femtosecond and femtojoule all-optical switching. Finally, I will outline promising pathways toward realizing chip-scale ultrafast light sources and microsystems for on-chip spectroscopic sensing, mid-infrared free-space communication, coherent all-optical computing, and next-generation thermal vision technologies.
Postdoctoral Scholar, Caltech
Dr. Qiushi Guo is currently a postdoctoral scholar at the California Institute of Technology with Prof. Alireza Marandi. He received his Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Yale University in Dec. 2019, advised by Prof. Fengnian Xia. He received his M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Pennsylvania in 2014, and his B.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from Xi’an Jiaotong University in 2012. Qiushi is the winner of the 2021 Henry Prentiss Becton Graduate Prize for his exceptional research achievements at Yale University. His research interests include integrated nonlinear and quantum photonics, mid-infrared photonics, and 2-D materials optoelectronics. He has published 37 peer-reviewed research papers in leading scientific journals with citations more than 2800 times. He is serving on the editorial board of the journal Micromachines.